These united States entered into bankruptcy in 1933 by Executive Orders 6073, 6102, 6111, and 6260 under President Franklin D. Roosevelt, See: Senate Report 93-549, pages 187 & 594) under the "Trading With The Enemy Act" (Sixty-Fifth Congress, Sess. I, Chs. 105, 106, October 6, 1917), and as codified at 12 U.S.C.A. 95a.
At that time each of the united States pledged faith and credit to the aid of the Federal Government, forming numerous committees, i.e. "Council of State Governments", "Social Security Administration", etc., to manage the contrived economic "Emergency" caused by the bankruptcy. The SSA became Corporations operated under the "Declaration of Interdependence" of January 22, 1937, and published some of their activities in " Book Of The States."
Robert Bork wrote "we are governed not by law or elected representatives but by an unelected, unrepresentative, unaccountable committee of lawyers applying no will but their own." (The Tempting Of America, Robert H. Bork, pg. 130)
And it is more worthy to note that there is the "Original" 13th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution called the "Title of Nobility" Amendment that reads:
"If any citizen of the United States shall accept, claim, receive or retain any title of nobility or honor, or shall, without the consent of congress, accept and retain any present, pension, office or emolument of any kind whatever, from any emperor, king, prince or foreign power, such person shall cease to be a citizen of the United States, and shall be incapable of holding any office of trust or profit under them, or either of them."
Senator Philip Reed (MD) proposed the "Title of Nobility" Amendment (History of Congress, Proceedings of the Senate, p. 529-530).
On April 27, 1810, the Senate voted to pass the 13th Amendment by a vote of 26 to 1; the House voted to resolve the amendment (87 to 3 in the affirmative).
The resolve was then sent to the States for ratification:
Dec. 10, 1812; Twelve of the required thirteen States had ratified the Amendment as follows:
Maryland, Dec. 25, 1810
Kentucky, Jan. 31, 1811
Ohio, Jan. 31, 1811
Delaware, Feb. 2, 1811
Pennsylvania, Feb. 6, 1811
New Jersey, Feb. 13, 1811
Vermont, Oct. 24, 1811
Tennessee, Nov. 21, 1811
Georgia, Dec. 13, 1811
North Carolina, Dec. 23, 1811
Massachusetts, Feb. 27, 1812
New Hampshire, Dec. 10, 1812.
Although the War of 1812 began before a thirteenth State could ratify the amendment, interupting the ratification.
The State of Connecticut failed to ratify this original 13th Amendment
on May 13, 1813, leaving it up to Virginia to be 13th required state to ratify the amendment. Whereas Virginia ratified with the March 12, 1819 publication of the Laws of Virginia.
Then Connecticut published this in four separate editions of "The Public Statute Laws of the State of Connecticut" as an amendment of the U.S. Constitution in 1821, 1824, 1835 and 1839.
Without record or explanation the amendment was mysteriously not added to the subsequent editions, just prior to the out break of the War Between the States.
Nevertheless, Printing by a legislature is prima facie evidence of ratification, and was found printed as part of the Constitution by many of the other states until after the War Between the States and into the Reconstruction period - when it mysteriously disappeared from all subsequent printings. The last official publication found is the 1876 Laws of the Territory of Wyoming Amendment XIII
In order to understnd the full impact of the constitution
This Amendment,upon receivership of knighthood- a title of nobility from another country nullified the citizenship of the following individuals,thus disqualifying them from being in the the several states of the union legally and hold any office og the States or federal government.(Knighted by the Queen)
The Reorganization of the bankruptcy of the United States is located in Title 5 of United States Codes Annotated. The "Explanation" at the beginning of 5 U.S.C.A. is most informative reading. The "Secretary of Treasury" was appointed as the "Receiver" in Bankruptcy. Reorganization Plan No. 26, 5 U.S.C.A. 903, Public Law 94-564, Legislative History, pg. 5967 Since the bankrupt loses control over his business, this appointment to the "Office of Receiver" in bankruptcy had to be made by the "creditors" who are "foreign powers or principals".
On March 17, 1993, Congressman Traficant stated:
"Mr. Speaker, We are now here in Chapter 11. Members of Congress are official trustees presiding over the greatest reorganization of any bankrupt entity in world history, the U.S. Government." Vol. 33, pg 1303 Congressional Record
This applies to "Members of Congress,"; the Secretary of the Treasury (as the "Receiver in bankruptcy"); and all state and federal "officials" who act under the de facto authority of that bankrupt Foreign Corporation known as the United States as trustees (foreign agents) for foreign principals.
Trustees work for the creditors of a bankruptcy as agents for foreign principals. In this case the creditors are the Federal Reserve Banks; the International Monetary Fund (the Fund) and the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (the Bank). It is also worthy of note that an Attorney/Representative is required to file a "Foreign Agents Registration Statement" pursuant to 22 U.S.C.A. 611c(1)(iv), 612 & 613), when representing the interests of a Foreign Principal or Power. ( Rabinowitz vs. Kennedy, 376 U.S. 605, 11 L. Ed. 2d 940, 18 U.S.C.A. 219 & 951)
Some Economists suggest that the economic Crash of '29 and the Great Depression was caused by the Federal Reserve withholding currency from circulation and raising interest rates after an inflationary easy money policy in the early 1920s. Their FED's fear of excessive speculation led it into a deflationary policy in the late 1920s.
The U.S. economy was well past the peak of the business cycle when the stock market crashed in October of 1929. presenting remarkible evidence the Federal Reserve miscalculated terribly by raising interest rates too much, while catapuliting us into the recession they were hoping to avoid.
This "emergency" created several abuses and usurpations, violating the Constitutionally delegated Powers and Authority as clearly stated in Senate Report 93-549 (1973):
"A majority of the people of the United States have lived all of their lives under emergency rule. For 40 years, [78 years now in 2011] freedoms and governmental procedures guaranteed by the Constitution have in varying degrees been abridged by laws brought into force by statutes of national emergency."
In accordance to American Jurisprudence, 2nd Edition, Sections 71 and 82, NO "emergency" justifies a violation of any Constitutional provision. for the sake of argument, "Supremacy Clause" and "Separation of Powers." It is clearly admitted in the Senate Report No. 93-549 the abridgment occurred.
The federal government persuaded the Conference of Governors to pledge faith and credit of the several States of the Union and their citizenry to aid the National Government on March 6, 1933, (Public Papers And Addresses of Franklin Roosevelt, Vol. II, March 6, 1933 pp. 18 - 24) for what they openly admitted doing. Where they encouraged Mr. Roosevelt to ask for, and use extra-constitutional powers during the "emergency" continuing even to this day.
Justice David Davis Stated in an Opinion
"Time has proven the discernment of our ancestors; for even these provisions, expressed in such plain English words, that it would seem the ingenuity of man could not evade them, are now, after the lapse of more than seventy years, sought to be avoided. Those great and good men foresaw that troublous times would arise, when rulers and people would become restive under restraint, and seek by sharp and decisive measures to accomplish ends deemed just and proper; and that the principles of constitutional liberty would be in peril, unless established by irrepealable law. The history of the world had taught them that what was done in the past might be attempted in the future. The Constitution of the United States is a law for rulers and people, equally in war and in peace, and covers with the shield of its protection all classes of men, at all times, [71 U.S. 2, 121]and under all circumstances. No doctrine, involving more pernicious consequences, was ever invented by the wit of man than that any of its provisions can be suspended during any of the great exigencies of government. Such a doctrine leads directly to anarchy or despotism, but the theory of necessity on which it is based is false; for the government, within the Constitution, has all the powers granted to it, which are necessary to preserve its existence; as has been happily proved by the result of the great effort to throw off its just authority. -– Supreme Court (1866) Ex Parte Milligan 71 U.S. 2
Justice Sutherland stated in
HOME BLDG. & LOAN ASS'N v. BLAISDELL, 290 U.S. 398
'The Constitution of the United States is a law for rulers and people, equally in war and in peace, and covers with the shield of its protection all classes of men, at all times, and under all circumstances. No doctrine, involving more pernicious consequences, was ever invented by the wit of man than that any of its provisions can be suspended during any of the great exigencies of government. Such a doctrine leads directly to anarchy or despotism. ...'
Chief Justice Taney, in Dred Scott v. Sandford, 19 How, 393, 426, said that, while the Constitution remains unaltered, it must be construed now as it was understood at the time of its adoption; that it is not only the same in words but the same in meaning, 'and as long as it continues to exist in its present form, it speaks not only in the same words, but with the same meaning and intent with which it spoke when it came from the hands of its framers, and was voted on and adopted by the people of the United States. Any other rule of construction would abrogate the judicial character of this court, and make it the mere reflex of the popular opinion or passion of the day.' And in South Carolina v. United States, 199 U.S. 437, 448 , 449 S., 26 S.Ct. 110, 111, 4 Ann.Cas. 737 in an opinion by Mr. Justice Brewer, this court quoted these words with approval and said:
'The Constitution is a written instrument. As such its meaning does not alter. That which it meant when adopted, it means now. ... Those things which are within its grants of power, as those grants were understood when made, are still within them; and those things not within them remain still excluded.' [290 U.S. 398, 451]
Also in Accordance to Blaisdell
"Emergency does not create power. Emergency does not increase granted power or remove or diminish restrictions imposed upon power granted or reserved. The Constitution was adopted IN a period of grave emergency. Its grants of power to the Federal Government and its limitations of the power of the States were determined in the light of emergency and they are NOT altered by emergency." - Home Building & Loan Assoc. v Blaisdell 290 U.S. 398 (1934)
This property, (the faith and credit of the citizenry of the several States), was the collateral accepted by the creditors (foreign principals) so the federal government could continue borrowing Federal Reserve Notes while continuing to operate under reorganization. Mr. Roosevelt issued Executive Orders 6073, 6102, 6111 and 6260 within days of his inauguration Mar 4, 1933.
Each one unlawful, unless someone other than the people owned the people's possessions.
Yet the people are still being pledged as collateral, secured by UCC commercial liens, which are still monetized as "debt money" by the Federal Reserve Banks, to be surrendered if needed under orders of the bankruptcy, thereby depriving the people of clear title to their property under the guise of a contrived "emergency."
These proclamations created 470 provisions of Federal law, and thes statutes delegate to the President extraordinary powers that are ordinarily to be exercised by the Congress, affecting the lives of every American citizen in a host of a vast range of unconstitutional powers. Taken together, they confer enough authority to rule the country without any reference to the normal constitutional dur process of law. These powers delegated by mentioned statutes, the President has the power to: Seize property;
organize and control the means of production
Assign military forces abroad
Institute martial law
Seize and control all transportation and communication
Regulate the operation of private enterprise
Restrict travel and control the lives of all American citizens in numerous other ways.
The several States leaders were either bribed or seduced into this new policy in 1939 when Roosevelted promised federal grants-in-aid. Federal Revenue Sharing (31 U.S.C. ( 6700 et seq.), the modern version of the grants-in-aid program. In return, the states were to agree to uphold and maintain the pledge of life, labor and property of their respective citizenry as surety for the debts and other obligations to the Federal government. State politicians gladly complied, seeomg this as an opportunity to increase their own political power, while kicking the can down to the next generation of office holders, to worry how to fix the long term consequences of their acts.
In May of 1933 Congressman Louis T. McFadden, brought formal charges against the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve Bank system, the Comptroller of the Currency and the Secretary of the United States Treasury for numerous criminal acts, including but not limited to, CONSPIRACY, FRAUD, UNLAWFUL CONVERSION, AND TREASON. The petition for Articles of Impeachment was thereafter referred to the Judiciary Committee, and has yet to be acted upon. ( Congressional Record, May 23, 1933, pp. 4055-4058.)
These individuals fraudulently, knowingly and willfully swore an Oath to uphold, defend and preserve the Constitutioon of the United States, which preserves the sovereignty of the Nation and the several Republican States of the Union, therefore violating their solemn duty and honor to protect the People/Citizens and their Posterity from fraud, imposition, avarice and any malichious encroachments. (See: Atkins et al. vs. U.S., 556 F.2d 1028, pg. 1072, 1074, The Tempting Of America, supra, pgs. 155 - 159, also see, 5 U.S.C.A. 5305 & 5335, Senate Report No. 93-549, pgs. 69 - 71, C.R.S. 24-75-101) These basic principles appear be too high a thought concept for our judges, legislators, and public servants, just as "Due Process", "Just Compensation" and "Justice". Honor is earned by honesty and integrity, It is never inherited nor awarded throuh false or fraudulent pretenses. The persons affilitation to a party will not cover-up the usurpations, lies, trickery and deceptions that has occured. Principles such as "Fraud and Justice never dwell together" (Wingate's Maxims 680); "A right of action cannot arise out of fraud." (Broom's maxims 297, 729; Cowper's Reports 343; 5 Scott's New Reports 558; 10 Mass. 276; 38 Fed. 800)
If "public officials" represent the people under the Constitution, then they can only collect, use, and be paid in Constitutional money, (gold and silver). And they can only operate at common law in all criminal matters except for Maritime contracts. Federal Reserve Banks are private banks. For proof all one has to do is compare the government and private pages of the telephone book to see where the Federal Reserve Banks are listed.
When "public officials" use Federal Reserve "Notes," or funds reducible only to Federal Reserve "Notes" in public business, they are using non-redeemable, dishonored, impaired, depreciated, interagency, international bills of debt/credit, and have to be operating a de facto government, which is treason to their oaths of office. Also violating their agency obligations to the sovereign people, for foreign principals.